Am J Prev Med ; Many states have requirements regarding topics that must be included in sex education programs. Common Sense Media; Educating teenagers about sex in the United States. For more information, see Committee Opinion No. Additionally, obstetrician—gynecologists can encourage patients to engage in positive behaviors to achieve their health goals and discourage unhealthy relationships and behaviors that put patients at high risk of pregnancy and STIs. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Evaluations of biological outcomes of sexuality education programs, such as pregnancy rates and STIs, are expensive and complex, and they can be unreliable, often relying on self-reported behaviors to measure effectiveness.
Will they tell you? Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Social media, social life: American Academy of Pediatrics, Digital media offer opportunities for youth to confidentially search for information on sensitive topics, and thus are a likely source of sexual health information for young people. Comprehensive sexuality programs should consider the benefits and pitfalls of social media. Guse K et al. Community Preventive Services Task Force. The Role of the Obstetrician—Gynecologist In addition to counseling and service provision to adolescent patients, obstetrician—gynecologists can serve parents and communities by supporting and assisting sexuality education by developing evidence-based curricula that focus on clear health goals eg, the prevention of pregnancy and STIs, including HIV and providing health care that focuses on optimizing sexual and reproductive health and development, including, for example, education about and administration of the human papillomavirus vaccine 6. Evaluations of biological outcomes of sexuality education programs, such as pregnancy rates and STIs, are expensive and complex, and they can be unreliable, often relying on self-reported behaviors to measure effectiveness. When a responsible adult communicates about sexual topics with adolescents, there is evidence of delayed sexual initiation and increased birth control and condom use 9. Reaching Special Populations Adolescents with physical and cognitive disabilities often are considered to be asexual and, thus, have been excluded from sexuality education J Policy Anal Manage ; Many of these programs have resulted in delayed sexual debut, reduced frequency of sex and number of sexual partners, increased condom or contraceptive use, or reduced sexual risk-taking. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Breuner CC et al. Alexander SC et al. Common Sense Media; In addition to counseling and service provision to individual adolescent patients, obstetrician—gynecologists can serve parents and communities by supporting and assisting sexuality education. Kosciw JG et al. There is a growing interest among adolescents to access sexual health information online that is written in language they can understand, that is in an interactive format, and that is presented in an entertaining manner 16 , Community education for family planning in the U. Curricula that emphasize empowerment and gender equality tend to engage learners to question prevailing norms through critical thinking and encourage adolescents to adopt more egalitarian attitudes and relationships, resulting in better sexual and health outcomes Anderson M, How having smartphones or not shapes the way teens communicate, Pew Research Center, , http: Retrieved June 27, They also should include state-specific legal ramifications of sexual behavior and the growing risks of sharing information online 1.
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